Independent identification was up two percentage points in 2023 compared with 2022, while there was a one-point decline in both Democratic and Republican identification. The record low for Republican identification was 25% in 2013. Independent Leanings Give Republicans a Slight Edge in Party PreferencesAll Gallup survey respondents who identify as independents are then asked whether they lean more toward the Republican Party or the Democratic Party. ImplicationsAs 2024 begins, the parties are closely matched based on political party identification and leanings. In the past four presidential election years, Democrats had at least a five-point advantage in leaned party identification.