The department of Social Psychology at Tilburg University has a vacancy for a PhD student on Explaining Tax Morale with Social Exchange Psychology (full- time, 4 years)
Project description The PhD project will investigate why people pay taxes. Tax compliance and tax morale – the intrinsic motivation to pay taxes – receive increasing attention from scholars and tax administrations. Research has identified various economic and socio-psychological determinants of tax compliance, such as audit probability, fine levels, social norms, or fairness considerations. Importantly, empirical studies of tax compliance do not reveal consistent effects, neither of economic factors nor of socio-psychological factors. To better understand these puzzling findings, an overarching approach is needed to determine when these factors influence tax behavior and when their influence is suppressed.
Social exchange theory describes the cognitive processes that people use to navigate exchange relationships. This will be combined with different models of social relations and applied to the relations of taxpayers with the relevant institutions. The project aims to (1) formulate a general theory to explain tax compliance in terms of relational models and underlying cognitive mechanisms of social exchange, (2) test multiple hypotheses derived from this theory, and (3) propose recommendations for designing communication or choice architecture of tax administrations.
The project will use existing and original (new) survey data as well as experimental data to study individual differences in tax compliance (intentions) and tax morale, beliefs and attitudes about taxation, and cost- benefit perceptions. The project will also use secondary (archival) data and comparative surveys to study how institutions involved in tax policies and administration differ in terms of communication and how this relates to differences in tax morale and differences in compliance for various types of taxes.
Job description The position is for four years and is hosted by the Department of Social Psychology of Tilburg University (Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences). The PhD candidate is supervised by a team consisting of dr. Florian van Leeuwen (co-promotor), dr. Christoph Kogler (co-promotor), and dr. Seger Breugelmans (promotor).
The PhD candidate will use both existing (secondary) data and collect new (experimental and/or survey) data. Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed scientific publications, presentations at (inter)national conferences, and workshops.
Job requirements and qualifications of the candidate We are looking for a highly motivated and curious PhD student. Candidates must have a relevant background in academic psychology and be in the possession of a master's or research master's degree. Prior experience with economic psychology and behavioral economics, evolutionary psychology and cognitive anthropology, or experimental social psychology are a plus. We are looking for candidates who have:
Terms of employment This is a fully funded, four-year PhD position. The PhD candidate is employed by Tilburg University, which is among the top of the Dutch employers and has an excellent policy concerning terms of employment. The appointments are intended to lead to the completion of a PhD thesis. The PhD appointment begins with a period of 12 months. Continuation of the appointment with another 36 months will be based on performance evaluation. The gross salary for the PhD position amounts to € 2.541,- per month in the first year, rising to € 3.247,- per month in the fourth year, based on a full- time appointment (38 hours per week).
Application and information concerning the vacancy The closing date for applications is August 15, 2023. Interviews will take place in the week of September 4-8 (on campus or by video call). The project starts October 1st, 2023, or later, pending availability.
Applicants send the following information through the link mentioned below:
Additional information about the vacancy can be obtained from: dr. Florian van Leeuwen ([email protected]) dr. Christoph Kogler ([email protected]) dr. Seger Breugelmans ([email protected]).
Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences
Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences (TSB) is a modern, specialized university. The teaching and research of the Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences are organized around the themes of Adaptive societies, organizations, and workers, Healthy life span, Personalized prevention and care. The School's inspiring working environment challenges its workers to realize their ambitions; involvement and cooperation are essential to achieve this.
Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences
Recruitment code Tilburg University applies the recruitmentcode of the Dutch Association for Personnel Management & Organization Development (NVP).
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