The confirmation of these shipments comes as leaders in the U.S. and Europe warn Beijing against supporting Russia’s efforts in Ukraine. Experts say it is difficult to track whether dual-use items shipped from China are being sold to buyers who intend to use the technology for civilian purposes or for military means. Russia managed to import almost 80 tons of body armor worth around $10 million in December last year, according to the customs data from Import Genius. “We do see [China] providing assistance to Russia in the context of the conflict. Beijing continues to deny that it is ramping up support for Russia in Ukraine.