Modelling And Prediction Of The Contributions Of French Forests Under Different Climate And Forest...

Universities and Institutes of France
September 26, 2022
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Offerd Salary:Negotiation
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Contract Type:Temporary
Working Time:Full time
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  • Organisation/Company: CNRS
  • Research Field: Biological sciences Environmental science Geosciences
  • Researcher Profile: First Stage Researcher (R1)
  • Application Deadline: 26/09/2022 23:59 - Europe/Brussels
  • Location: France › MONTPELLIER
  • Type Of Contract: Temporary
  • Job Status: Full-time
  • Hours Per Week: 35
  • Offer Starting Date: 01/11/2022
  • The work will be mainly based on modelling. Firstly, complementary models based on forest dynamics and functioning processes will have to be coupled in order to obtain a tool that is as generic as possible, and that can provide predictions of forest composition and structure, forest productivity and health, and soil carbon storage. These models are the forest dynamics model ForCEEPS, the distribution model PHENOFIT, the water stress model SurEAU and the soil carbon dynamics model YASSO07. Using this coupled modelling tool, we will predict how different climate change and management scenarios will affect forest contributions, with a particular focus on carbon sequestration. The work will be carried out at the scale of France and for a set of local sites for which particular issues are identified by the FISSA project to which this thesis is related. The work will be carried out at CEFE under the supervision of X. Morin (DR CNRS), and co-supervised by I. Chuine (DR CNRS) and N. Martin (CR INRAE, URFM Avignon).

    Forest are complex social-ecological systems that deliver many contributions to humans and other species. Yet, like most ecosystems on Earth, French forests are increasingly impacted by on-going climate change, which alters their structure, biodiversity and functioning and threatens their renewal. Their sensitivity, and by extension the sensitivity of their contributions, is expected to increase in the next decades. At the same time, there is an increasing demand for the decarbonization of the economy, with a strong demand for forest products and services. As a result, forests are now facing a key challenge: how promoting their ability of carbon sequestration without impacting the other contributions to people, while taking into account their vulnerability to climate change? The objective of this thesis is to provide some answers to this question by simulating the contributions of forests to sustainable development objectives under climate change and management scenarios. More specifically, it will i) assess the effect of different forest management scenarios and several climate scenarios on forest contributions to the balance between vulnerability and climate change contributions, and ii) test whether tree diversity can improve the resilience of forest socio-ecosystems and their contributions to climate change mitigation and adaptation.

    Additional comments

    CV and motivation letter

    Web site for additional job details

    https: // emploi.cnrs.fr/Offres/Doctorant/UMR5175-XAVMOR-001/Default.aspx

    Required Research Experiences
  • RESEARCH FIELD
  • Environmental science

  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
  • None

  • RESEARCH FIELD
  • Biological sciences

  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
  • None

  • RESEARCH FIELD
  • Geosciences

  • YEARS OF RESEARCH EXPERIENCE
  • None

    Offer Requirements
  • REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL
  • Environmental science: Master Degree or equivalent

    Biological sciences: Master Degree or equivalent

    Geosciences: Master Degree or equivalent

  • REQUIRED LANGUAGES
  • FRENCH: Basic

    Contact Information
  • Organisation/Company: CNRS
  • Department: Centre d'écologie fonctionnelle et évolutive
  • Organisation Type: Public Research Institution
  • Website: https:// www. cefe.cnrs.fr/
  • Country: France
  • City: MONTPELLIER
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